Stress can be described as the reaction to a stimulus that leads to an imbalance on a physical and psychological scope of the individual. The stress that the individual can go through leads to the production and release of hormones in the body. For instance, cortisol and adrenaline. These two hormones may result in the fight-or-flight response. The manifestation of the effects of stress on the health include:
Psycho-dermatology is the study of the connection between the mind and the skin. Emotions have an influence on anindividual’s skin. For instance, cortisol which a hormone released when an individual is stressed, increases the production of oil by the skin, therefore making the stressed individual prone to acne. Other skin conditions include eczema, vitiligo, and hives. Because many nerve endings are connected to the skin, stress which is an emotion manifests neurologically.
Psychological stress is a known cause of autoimmune disease. Stressors affect the immune function of the human body. Studies have indicated the relation between emotional stress and the onset of the autoimmune diseases. When the neuroendocrine hormones are released in the body, it consequently leads to an irregularity within the immune system, therefore leading to the autoimmune disease. This is as a result of the increase in the production of the cytokine. To curb autoimmune diseases, the afflicted should manage their stress levels correctly.
When an individual goes through high stress levels, there is the involuntary release of hormones that affect the digestive system’s functioning. These problems that involve digestion include: nausea, stomach aches, diarrhea and in cases where the stress levels are not reduced, the individual can get heartburn. Irritable bowel syndrome is also a chronic digestive tract disease brought on by unwavering stress levels.
If an individual goes through elevated stress levels, the stress worsens other risk factors. For instance, high blood pressure or high cholesterol levels. Stressed individuals tend to overeat, are more likely to be smokers and may not be as physically active as being healthy warrants of every individual. High-stress levels expose the individual to a persistent production of cortisol and adrenaline, which may result in heart disease. Since stress also influences the process of the clotting of blood, it can, therefore, be linked to getting a heart attack.
Depression and anxiety
These two are the negative effects of stress on the proper cognitive functioning of the individual who is stressed. Stress can lead to high feelings of depair and the lack of mental peace. This will influence the health of the individual adversely and deter any meaningful development of their lives unless it is dealt with.